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100 陪伴型機器人動作感性研究

出版年度:100

 

論文名稱:陪伴型機器人動作感性研究

 

研究生:羅慧如   指導教授:游曉貞

 

 


論文簡介:

  無論過去或未來的科技發展都是為了讓人們的生活更多元化,機器人的研發與 現實生活息息相關,機器人存在的本意即是與人類進行互動,為了使人類與機器人 的互動平順且舉止自然,機器人設計師應發展出一套適合使用者且使用者也容易理 解的互動方式,如何決定內部系統和使用者之間的詮釋也是設計師重要的工作之一, 在非語言傳播中,人們可藉由身體動作的方式來進行訊息的傳遞,機器人與人類的 互動方式,已經習慣利用動作來傳遞訊息,將肢體語言應用於人機互動已成為趨勢。 本研究主要目的是在探討機器人與人的互動方式是否能夠藉由動作傳遞訊息, 發展出一套關於機器人科技與動作的表達方式。因此以感性工學(Kansei Engineering) 式的邏輯步驟,探索陪伴型機器人所具有的動作結構,進一步解析使用者對於機器 人動作結構與情緒傳遞的相關性。本研究為藉由機器人動作結構傳遞訊息的應用, 研究過程分為三階段進行:第一階段為「機器人動作結構分析」;第二階段施行實 驗設計為「機器人動作與情緒形容詞之關聯」;第三階段為「機器人動作與傳遞訊 模式公式檢定」,使用數量化Ⅰ類與單一樣本T 檢定進行整體實驗結果的分析,讓 使用者評定動作結構與情緒感受的相對應模式。 本研究歸納出幾項動作結構設計要素:1. 整體動作結構可拆解為移動區域、方 向性、對稱性、反覆性和間歇性,2. 避免雷同的動作結構或情緒感受而造成受試者 無法辨識,3. 機器人可準確的傳遞情感訊息有8 組動作結構,4. 情緒表達受到機器 人外型及外在因素的影響,5. 挑選機器人可能表達的情緒感受,降低使用者對感受 的混淆,6.避免動作時間過長而造成使用者感受的改變。 Technology development is always on the purpose of making human life more diversified, no matter in the future or the past, research and development of robots is closely linked to human life, and the main reason why robots are existed is to interact with humans. For the sake of making the interaction between human and robot be smooth and natural, robot designer should develop a set of interaction mode, which is appropriate for user and lets user understand it easily. How to determine the interpretation between internal system and user is one of the important tasks for designers. In the nonverbal communication, people can transmit messages through their body movements. The way of interaction between human and robot is used to convey messages through the actions. Applying the body language to human-robot interaction has become a trend. The main purpose of this study is to investigate how movements of companion robots can be used as a means of emotional expression for a more effective and intuitive human robot interaciton, and to develop guidelines for designing companion robots. This study uses a simple social robot, Nabaztag, and focuses on movements made with the ears. Experiments based on Kansei Engineering were conducted to explore how movements of robots could convey emotional messages and what elements or attributes in movements would affect users’ emotional interpretation. The study consists of three stages: The first step is “Robot movement structure analysis.” The second step is “Interrelation in robot movement with emotion message.” The third step is ” Censor robot movement with deliver messages formula.” We use “Quantification Theory Type I” and “One Sample T-test” to analyze all the experiment results, and let users appraise the corresponding mode of movement structure and emotion. This study conclude that there are some types of designing factors in movement structure: Total movement structure can be divided into movement region, directivity, symmetry, repeatability and intermittence. 2. We can avoid the identical movement structure or emotion for fear that it may make users unsuccessfully identify. 3. Robots can accurately transmit the emotion message which has eight sets of movement structure. 4. The expression may be affected by the appearance of robots and external factors. 5. We can reduce the user’s confusion stemmed from the emotion by choosing the emotion which may be expressed by robots. 6. We should avoid excessively long movement time lest it may change user’s emotion.

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